The reaction and the hellish planets

The reaction and the hellish planets

What happens after death? 

One who has taken his birth is sure to die, and after death one is sure to take birth again. Therefore, in the unavoidable discharge of your duty, you should not lament. (Bhagavad-Gita—-2:27—-translation) 

Yamaraja, the great controller of life after death, decides the living entities’ destinies in their next lives. He is surely among the most confidential representatives of the Lord. Such confidential posts are offered to great devotees of the Lord who are as good as His eternal associates in the spiritual sky. (Srimad Bhagavatam—-3:5:21—-purport).

Unfortunately people do not know that there is life after death; therefore mundane people waste their time amassing material profit which has to be left behind at the time of death. Such profit has no eternal benefit. Similarly, adoration by mundane people is valueless because after death one has to accept another body. Material adoration and titles are decorations that cannot be carried over to the next body. In the next life, everything is forgotten. (Sri Caitanya Caritamrta—-2:19:159—-purport).

Just as the most sinful wretch lives in a ghostly body after death and moves about in the ether, having been denied a gross body, so the impersonalist, although rising to the point of liberation in the transcendental position, falls back down to the material world because of not having developed the mood of loving service to the Supreme Lord. Therefore the severe austerities and penances the impersonalist performs are not equivalent to the eternal religion of devotional service. (Renunciation Through Wisdom).

In this life, an envious person commits violent acts against many living entities. Therefore after his death, when he is taken to hell by Yamaraja, those living entities who were hurt by him appear as animals called rurus to inflict very severe pain upon him. Learned scholars call this hell Raurava. Not generally seen in this world, the ruru is more envious than a snake. (Srimad Bhagavatam—-5:26:11—-translation).

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Siva, Krsna, Guru, and Sisya


A Lecture by Giriraj Swami
Srimad-Bhagavatam 4.4.22

Juhu, Bombay

We read from Srimad-Bhagavatam, Canto Four, Chapter Four: “Sati Quits Her Body.”


naitena dehena hare krtagaso

dehodbhavenalam alam kujanmana
vrida mamabhut kujana-prasangatas
taj janma dhig yo mahatam avadya-krt


na—not; etena—by this; dehena—by the body; hare—to Lord Siva; krta-agasah—having committed offenses; deha-udbhavena—produced from your body; alam alam—enough, enough; ku-janmana—with a contemptible birth; vrida—shame; mama—my; abhut—was; ku-jana-prasangatah—from a relationship with a bad person; tat janma—that birth; dhik—shameful; yah—who; mahatam—of the great personalities; avadya-krt—an offender.


You are an offender at the lotus feet of Lord Siva, and unfortunately I have a body produced from yours. I am very much ashamed of our bodily relationship, and I condemn myself because my body is contaminated by a relationship with a person who is an offender at the lotus feet of the greatest personality.

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Envious and non-envious behavior


By Devaki Devi Dasi

Envy towards seniors, juniors and equals.

The verse and purport to Srimad-Bhagavatam 4.8.34 describe the envious and non-envious behaviour towards seniors, equals and juniors. Srila Prabhupada explains things in simple yet profound terms which are of very practical relevance to us all.  In our relationship towards seniors, envy manifests by the fact that we are not jolly to receive them. We might think “Oh no, now this devotee is coming here to steal my show. Let’s hope he will leave again soon”. And we might ask him with a smile: “Nice to see you, Prabhu! How long are you staying?” 

And we might be relieved to hear that he is leaving again after three days.  The Hari-bhakti-vilasa cites the following quotation from the Skanda Purana  from a conversation between Markandeya and Bhagiratha, where it is said: “Whoever is envious of a Vaishnava or angry with him, or whoever does not  offer him obeisances or feel joy upon seeing him, certainly falls into a hellish condition.” Since envy leads to pride and arrogance we might even entirely ignore his presence and not give him any importance or attention whatsoever. We don’t offer respect and service, but rather we find fault and criticize. In this way, we diminish his position and thus establish ourselves to be superior. Sometimes these things go on in a very subtle way, and unless we are honest and introspective we might not even recognize they are there in our heart. A senior person might have given a class, and devotees might glorify him how well he spoke. But we feel impelled to comment: “Yes, it was OK, but he  could have quoted more verses-it was not so shastric.” Even if it wasn't-just the fact that we like to immediately point it out shows our propensity to diminish his position. Stating the negative only creates more negative energy and enlarges it. It does not purify or uplift anybody. Or someone might express his appreciation of a senior devotee, and we might feel compelled to say: “Actually, I know something about this person which you might not know,”-just to make it clear that he is not so advanced after all, and ultimately I am superior to him.

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